The Sturt's Desert Pea is a very well known Australian wildflower that lives in hot and dry areas like deserts. These flowers have many features that adapt it to its environment.
History: The Sturt’s Desert Pea was officially proclaimed as the South Australian Emblem in 1961.
The Sturt’s Desert Pea is a very unusual and original flower. It has dull, hairy, green leaves with bright red upright stalks in groups of 3 or more. On each petal there are dark brown hard pods. The flowers are usually 9cm tall, and grow in groups spreading around the ground up to 3m wide and 30cm high.
Habitat: The Sturt’s Desert Pea natural habitat is in hot, arid areas usually in the center of Australia and Western Australia.
Consumer: The White-plumed honeyeater feeds on the nectar of the Sturt’s Desert Pea
Structural, Behavioural and Physiological Adaptation
Access to water
Sturt's Desert Pea have access to water in the deeper areas of the soil. This helps the flower to drink and survive in really arid and hot areas.
This helps the Sturt's Desert Pea to grow after several years.
The Sturt's Desert Pea has a hard seed covering which protects the flower from severe dry and hot environments till the next rainfall.
After the Sturt’s Desert Pea finished blooming they produce seeds so that the wind can blow them away and spread them apart which helps the flower to continue growing and survive.